Sorano has been nicknamed the Matera of Tuscany, because its location on a tufa cliff is reminiscent of the famous little town in the Marche.
Sorano was founded as an ancient possession of the Aldobrandeschi family, but its territory was inhabited up by the Etruscan time. Like many other villages in the area this burg followed the historical and political vicissitudes of the nearby Pitigliano, where the Orsini Counts resided. Orsini’s family is responsible for the construction of walls that made Sorano a such a difficult fortress to conquer. As Pitigliano Sorano later passed under the leadership of the Medici, becoming part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
The walls are an integral part of the town and represent one of its most characteristic elements. Are in fact at times incorporated in the exterior walls of some buildings in the historic center and in some locations extend the natural protection of the tufa rock.
Porta di Sopra, or Ferrini’s arc, is one of the two accesses to the village through the defense walls. On the outside, it is preceded by a square on the left side where there is a system of lodges from which is visible a spectacular panorama: this is located at the foot of the Orsini Castle. Once through it, you enter the historical nucleus of Sorano, characterized by narrow alleys, which are adapted to the numerous differences in height of the cliff, and offer countless cues to photograph.
Porta dei Merli, also known as Porta di Sotto, is located at the foot of Boulder Leopoldino. At the sides of the door are still visible vertical openings for the bridge chains. Past the door, getting out of the city center, you reach to the Lente river flowing just below the medieval town Sorano. This is a high value path, in naturalistic, environmental, historical, cultural and archaeological meaning.
The most important building is the Fortezza Orsini. Imponent fortification consisting of a central keep with the military plaza.